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Universal History

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THE QUESTION OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF domestic COMPUTING TECHNICS
A.M. Ischenko

The article is devoted, perhaps, the brightest, the most outstanding scientific and technological achievements of the twentieth century - the establishment and organization of industrial production of computer technology and its widespread adoption in almost all areas of human activity.
The global evolution of technological progress and the whole background of the development of science has led to the fact that it advances in modern computer technology so far and the scale of its production were decisive in any economy, as well as military and strategic potential of any state.
In our time, it is not possible to imagine any modern air, land, surface and underwater vehicles or spacecraft, or modern industrial plants and even household appliances without the use of multiple computers. Undoubtedly, that computer technology will continue to develop rapidly, as its potential is far from exhausted. This will contribute to new discoveries in molecular physics, quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, and some other areas, as well as discoveries and achievements in modern innovative technologies.
The article attempts an overview of the formation and development of the domestic computer technology in the hope that the material contained in it can be very useful for professionals interested in the history of national science and technology, for students of technical colleges and carts. It can also be useful for professionals involved in the development and use of computer technology in other areas of economic and scientific activities.
The article provides a brief historical background on the foreign experience of creating mechanicals calculators and modern computers, which is of interest to professionals working in the field of computer technology.
Keywords: microelectronics, computer science, computer-controlled, modularity, standardization of components, control computing systems, computer numeric control.

Contacts: E-mail: ischenkoalla@pochta.ru

Pp. 15-24.

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