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Universal History

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HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL RECONSTRUCTION RITUAL CULTURE CIRCASSIAN (ADYGHE). SACRED COMPONENT AND ETHNIC COMPONENTS IN THE SOUND OF RITES (in Writing, Folklore and Ethnographic Sources)
A.V. Gucheva, F.V. Gucheva, F.S. Efendiyev, O.. Marchenko, L.H. Zhappueva, .. Midova

The article is devoted to the worship of the Circassians (Adyghe) in which one of the main functions and tie holds a musical instrument kamyl and shichepshina. They are endowed with sacred power of having a divine origin and paving the boundary between human and primogenitor deities. Religious practice of Circassians (Adyghe) are the most appropriate way to integrate the traditional society and acted as the main, regulatory and legitimizing authority. We considered rites Psyhjegje (Plach nad vodoj), ShhIopshhakIuje (Chapshh, ShhIapshhje) Rite Uhoda za ranennym, in which sound kamyl' and shichepshina. We also highlighted special song Shjehjeh ujerjed (Pesnja udalenija puli) and special tunes Mjelegazh'je (melodija vygona ovec) and Mjelgjezhej (usyplenie ovec). In the study, we were able to identify the features of the universal organization of social space, not only in Adyghe people, but the majority of the peoples of the North Caucasus.
Keywords: kamyl, shichepshina, rite, Psyhjegje (Crying over water), SchIopschakIue (Chapsch, SchIapsche), rite of Caring for the wounded, song, (Song remove bullets), melody, Mjelegazhje (melody sheep pen) and Mjelgjezhej (euthanasia of sheep).

Contacts: E-mail: anggucheva@mail.ru, E-mail: f_g0312@mail.ru, E-mail: patriot2006@rambler.ru, E-mail: ksany@mail.ru, E-mail: lilazh@mail.ru, E-mail: mail@skgii.ru

Pp. 32-54.

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