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Universal History

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ETHNO-POLITICAL ALLIANCE OF THE HIGHLANDERS OF THE TEREK REGION: FACTORS OF CONSOLIDATION AND DISINTEGRATION (MARCH 1917 – MARCH 1918)
O.A. Zhansitov, Yu.V. Bunkova

The article examines the issues of consolidation of the mountain population of the Terek region in the conditions of the revolutionary period, the institutional expression of which was the Union of the United Mountaineers of the North Caucasus and Dagestan, proclaimed on May 5, 1917. The factors that determined the formation of this organization in the region are revealed: common historical destinies, cultural and confessional kinship, the advantages of consolidated actions of small peoples in order to advance their agenda in the context of the post-imperial arrangement of the Russian state. Attention is also focused on the reasons for the collapse of the all-mountain movement. Among others, internal contradictions stand out – disputes between mountain peoples on the land issue, rivalry between the secular and spiritual factions of the Union of Highlanders. However, as indicated in the article, external factors associated with the strengthening of the influence of the Bolsheviks in the region, who did not recognize the legitimacy of the power structures formed after February 1917 on the Terek, were of decisive importance. The Bolsheviks, with their slogans of broad autonomy and the transfer of part of the Cossack territories to land-poor peoples, were able to draw broad mountain masses into the orbit of Soviet power and, thereby, undermine the influence of the Union of Highlanders in the region.
Keywords: revolution, North Caucasus, Terek region, Soviet power, Bolsheviks, land issue, mountaineers, Cossacks.


DOI: 10.25791/vseist.03.2021.1137

Pp. 27-33.

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